During production services plays an indispensable and unique role in improving the quality of products and reducing the rate of defective products in the manufacturing process of products.In economics,the activity of transforming input into output,or the activity of combining production factors to manufacture products,is called production.It also refers to the process of people creating material wealth.The products produced need to meet people’s needs of food,clothing,housing and transportation,so as to derive products with commodity attributes.The production process of products refers to the whole process from the input of raw materials to the output of products.According to different operations,it is divided into technological process,inspection process(During production services),transportation process,natural process and processing waiting process.Among them,technological process,inspection process and transportation process are closely related to international trade.
A process that directly changes the nature,shape,size,etc. of the labor object, which is the most basic part of the production process and the decisive factor when the importer determines the product attributes.
It is a necessary link in product forming.Inspection can create value,although it costs money. Therefore,importers should carefully choose during production services.
Not only refers to the process of transferring products from one process to the next, but also refers to the transportation of products after completion.Transportation is the last step to deliver products to buyers and importers.Whether the products are delivered safely or not will affect the sales volume and repurchase rate of products.
These processes ultimately affect the product quality and depend on whether the importer is aware of the importance of during production services.However,the importer may be informed by the factory that the products have been self-inspected by themselves,so there is no need for a third party inspection company’s during production services.But is the actual situation really like this?
What is the During Production Services of the Factory？
Self-inspection is a routine operation process of all factories.Even small workshops will perform self-inspection.However,because of limited manpower,they can only do one-time self-inspection, which is even simple.Usually,the factory will set up a department that specializes in managing and controlling product quality-Quality Management Department.They are responsible for the entire process of quality inspection in the production process,including incoming inspection,production process inspection,final inspection control,feedback and handling of abnormal quality,and quality records.If the importer’s cooperative factory can achieve these inspection steps,then the product quality will be guaranteed. Of course,whether the factory can achieve the whole process of quality inspection in the production process,in addition to visiting the factory in person,the importer can also choose the factory audit of a third-party inspection company to check the factory’s management level and ensure the next cooperation.
We focus on the inspection of the production process of large-scale factories,which is generally the quality control of the production activities at various stages after the materials are put into the warehouse and before the finished products are put into the warehouse. Divided into the following six ways:
The employees of the quality management department are responsible for the promotion of the ISO9000 quality management system according to the management plan and product quality standards formulated by the factory to control and supervise the product production process.Supervise the production process, correct operations that affect product performance or quality in the process.To determine the realization of quality objectives.In order to achieve better international trade cooperation.However, among the factories inspected by the CLI inspection company,40% of the factories could not perform multi-link inspections.The reason is very simple.Because the factory management level is poor,the quality awareness of the leadership is weak and do not want to invest costs into the inspection.How the quality of products produced by such management level can be!
As a third-party inspection company,we provide professional inspection services and the service corresponding to the factory production process inspection is during production services.The premise of during production services is that 30%-50% of the bulk production are completed.This is in the middle stage of product production to inspect the products.At this time,the inspectors can find the technological problems of the products in time and the factories can improve immediately.Thus effectively avoid the waste of raw materials and catch up with the delivery date.
Next,importers may have questions:If the factory has already done during production services, do I still need to arrange inspection companies to do during production services?
CLI can tell you that it will depend on the scale of the factory.If the importer cooperates with a large factor,and the factory owner can invest 1% of the profits to set up the quality management department.Then,importers can rest assured to cooperate with them,because the quality management of such factories is already perfect.Factory owners attach great importance to long-term cooperation with clients,hope to improve product quality,gain clients’ appreciation and even get more cooperation opportunities.
However,if the factory that the importer cooperates with is a small or medium-sized factory,it is necessary to find an inspection company to do during production services.Because the bosses of small and medium-sized factories usually don’t set up quality management departments most of them are salesmen with good sales ability,but the management of factories is not satisfactory. After all, the bosses are used to paying attention to sales,so long as profits continue to grow,other problems can be put aside first.Of course,they will also pay attention to the quality of products.After all, bosses don’t want products to be returned,so they occasionally take time to check the production progress and quality of products on the production line.But they are busy,only will allow themselves to spend a bit of time on checking the semi-finished products.What are the chances of finding the problem？
The CLI’s during production services are completely different!Entrusted by the importer,a professional inspector is arranged to go to the factory to inspect the product and spend a day to check the defects of the product,which relates to the visual and function of the product and prevents serious functional problems in the subsequent process.Therefore,the during production services are very good for small and medium-sized factories.Although the importer pays a small inspection fee,it guarantees the quality and delivery date of the products.It can be seen how cost-effective the during production services are!
Basis and Process of During Production Services
Before CLI inspection company conducts during production services,it is required to get client’s order data,including raw materials,design drawings,quantity specifications and packaging methods of products. Because this information can enable QA department of CLI to study products in advance and gain the quality risks of products.In addition,with the help of national and industrial standards,CLI can design a complete inspection list.The purpose is to make it more convenient for inspectors to carry out without missing anything on site and to ensure the smooth progress of during production services.
Because of the different product completion rate required by during production services,the corresponding processes have also changed,mainly as follows:
Get product information and factory contact information.
Contact the factory to confirm the required product completion rate.Get the product information of the factory.
Collate and study the data gotten by many parties and finally sort out a complete inspection list.
The office staff continues to follow up the inspection process and the inspectors take photos for the products on the production line and take some videos if necessary.
Truthfully record the problems found on the inspection site and make a remark to describe them.
By understanding the process of during production services,importers can make clear the actual workload of inspection and check whether the inspection companies they cooperate with are conducting superficial inspection.The significance of the existence of a conscientious and responsible inspection company is to help importers reduce the import risks of products and carry out the inspection work truthfully and obtain the key points of product process improvement from the importer’s point of view.
When Should Importers Choose to Carry Out During Production Services? Too Early? Too Late?
Because the premise of during production services is that the factory completes 30%-50% mass production,so as to ensure that the quality and delivery date of products can meet the requirements of clients during pre-shipment inspection.Therefore,it is the key to choose the right time to carry out during production services.After all,the inspection work reflects the average quality level of products and has certain requirements for the finished quantity of products.Then,if the importer asks CLI inspection company to carry out during production services when the product is 10%-20% complete, what will happen if it is so urgent?
The first batch of products are often produced according to the production experience of other products.The production equipment needs to be debugged again,or it may be a new mold,but its parameters are not stable.It may be the first time that workers have been exposed to the production of the product.The familiarity of the operation needs to be practiced and errors will inevitably occur.In this situation,the first batch of products produced usually cannot show the average quality level,because they may have more defects,which needs the factory to adjust the equipment and the distribution of workers in time.
Since there are impatient importers,there will certainly be steady-going importers.They generally think that the product completion rate of during production services is not important and the difference of 20%-30% is the same,which is not completed anyway.CLI inspection company wants to tell them that in the inspection industry,the product completion rate directly affects the product quality and should not be neglected.
In China,if the importer chooses a reliable factory,then this factory must be producing day and night. As a result,the product is finished quickly,but the product quality cannot be guaranteed.At this time, the importer asks the inspection company to carry out during production services when products finish 70%.Yes,the factory did complete 70% of the bulk production,but they can’t stop production because of the inspection,because they are still looking forward to producing another client’s order! Therefore, 20% of the products on the production line are being processed. At this time,the defects in the 70% of product have been brought into 20% of the products.Obviously, 90% of the products may have batch problems.Just because it was too late to arrange during production services,it will cause tragedy.It really loses the bait along with the fish!
Therefore, it is important to arrange during production services on time. Whenever the CLI inspection company receives an order from during production services,the office staff must keep in touch with the factory to confirm the production progress of the products and avoid missing the golden period of inspection.
Difference Between During Production Services and Pre-shipment Inspection
Importers may have doubts in the risk of carrying out during production services too late mentioned above:if I carry out during production services later,isn’t it the same as pre-shipment inspection?Is it necessary to use both inspections? Here, CLI inspection company will emphasize the difference between during production services and pre-shipment inspection.
The premise of inspection is that 30%-50% of products are produced in large quantities.Further improve and strengthen the quality control for the problems found in the early stage of production.At the same time,in the middle and late stages of production,the functional and technological problems of products are fully controlled to ensure the effective follow-up production.Prepare for pre-shipment inspection,finally meet the quality requirements and delivery date of clients.
The premise of inspection is that 100% of products are produced and at least 80% of products are packaged.The expansion of sampling inspection makes the inspection show the overall quality more clearly and the evaluation results more accurate.However,if the inspector finds batch quality problems, the factory is required to rework after the inspection.That is to say, the factory needs to arrange workers to reopen the packaging,inspect and repair each product.Basically,small and medium-sized factories will not cooperate,because it will take a lot of time and manpower.They will only agree unless the products have serious functional problems.
In different stages of production,each inspection service provided by CLI inspection shows different functions.Importers can understand the working attitude of inspection companies and the final inspection effect,which is the cornerstone of long-term cooperation.
Three Factors Affecting the Effect of During Production Services
Through the previous reading,we can understand the function and process of during production services. However,in order to better show the function of during production services,it is necessary to cooperate with importers and factories and the level of the inspection company.
From the above three aspects,there are indeed many factors that affect the execution effect of during production services.But only from the words,I’m afraid importers can’t feel the same way.Let’s look at an actual case of CLI inspection.An American client of CLI purchased a batch of iron bed legs in Guangzhou and the inspection rata required by the client was 50%.When the inspector arrived at the factory,he found that the actual completion rate was only 12%!However,the inspection can only be continued and the final inspection result was as expected.In 80% of products,the screws were skewed after assembly,which directly leads to assembly problems between bed legs and bed frames.When the factory knew the news,he voluntarily admitted the mistake and put forward the solution of reproduction. Clients were also pleased,after all,we not only found the structural problems of the products in time,but also made the products catch up with the delivery date.
Why can we expect the inspection results? Because when we confirm the completion rate with the factory, the factory has repeatedly guaranteed that the production requirements can be completed.But the result was disappointing.Fortunately,due to the serious attitude of the factory and the QA knowledge support of CLI,the product quality passed the second during production services.From this case,CLI believes that importers can deeply understand the influence of factories in the whole inspection process.If the factories do not cooperate well and the selected during production services is not cost-effective, then the importer should always keep an eye on his goods.
CLI Inspection’s Comments and Summary
The article explains the during production services from different aspects, aiming to make importers fully understand the during production services and not be fooled by gorgeous advertisements on the Internet. Therefore, they can keep their eyes open and choose a reliable third-party inspection company to experience the quality improvement effect brought by during production services.
Although during production services is not used as frequently as pre-shipment inspection,its function should not be underestimated.And for factories,they may prefer during production services.Because in the mid-term production stage,rework when problems are found can save the manpower and material resources of the factory and avoid the waste of packaging.And with the positive rework attitude of the factory,clients will be impressed by them and add them to the priority of their supply chain,laying a foundation for subsequent cooperation.
CLI inspection company believes that every importer can’t wait to know the production process of his products.The point for them,it is the most important purpose to get the technological problems of the products and the factory can make timely improvements to avoid mass rework and catch up with the sales period of the products.After all,this may be the best time for them to win a market.That’s what CLI inspection expects during production services to achieve.
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